The 3 Key Principles of Interior Design

The 3 Key Principles of Interior Design

Interior design entails creating a beautiful and functional living environment. When you step into a living room for the first time, you may witness a set of emotions. For instance, your mind instantly relaxes by the manner in which things complement each other in a logical and eye-pleasing way. On the other hand, you may easily be put off by the random mismatch of the living room. Great interior design does not happen by chance. The secret is to know and piece together the 3 key interior design principles, which include:

1.    Personality

This gives you an opportunity to incorporate a personal stamp in an immaculately planned room. This can be done by embracing the following strategies:


Area rugs, vases, pillows, and pictures are hallmarks of interior design. Typically, they should be in line with your theme, and at the same time allow more flexibility. A contemporary living space can be further enhanced by an antique picture frame. Accessories should be naturally situated on floors, walls, tabletops, furniture, and mantles. They can be in the form of pillows, photos, and paintings.

To stir up interest, you have to be impulsive. You can create something unexpected in your living space, for instance, a brightly painted ceiling.


It is a good idea to be whimsical when looking to spice up any poor quality design that might have resulted from adhering to all the required guidelines. An elegant living room may be ramped up by placing a playful quilt over the fireplace.

2.    Function

Interior designing goes beyond just a visual appeal. It is about creating an elegant and functional living space. The following elements will help you achieve that:


Choose your lighting depending on the intended function of the room and eye appeal. Different tasks will require different lighting systems. For example, if you want to light up the living space for TV watching or any casual conversations, you will use indirect lighting. If you want to beef up the color, texture and room details, accent lighting systems such as track lighting, floor spots or recessed spotlights will suffice.


Ascertain that the furniture present in the room matches your interior design plan. If any piece of furniture is not bringing out the best of the room, just eliminate it or change it up with another that will appeal.


A centerpiece is a unique spot that catches one's eyes immediately when you step into the room. In many cases, living rooms have natural centerpieces like a fireplace, inbuilt bookcase or a bay window with a beautiful view. If a living space lacks a natural centerpiece, create one. You can utilize a profound piece of art or a colorful area rug to create a spellbinding centerpiece.

3. Mood

Color choice, style of furnishing, accessories, the degree of texture and patterns you select significantly dictate the mood of your living space. The following factors will guide you through the process of creating the mood:

Source of inspiration

The sure-fire way to design your interior is to start with an inspiration piece like a magazine photo, a decorative pillow, or your favorite scarf. Choose your inspiration piece diligently and ensure that it triggers the feel-good juices to flow in your body. An inspiration piece is the cornerstone of choosing your theme, patterns, textures and colors.


Do a rigorous analysis of your inspiration piece and create a theme name for it. Completely describe that name and other supporting ideas will naturally follow. A few examples of themes include formal furniture and fabrics, stripped walls, black accents, botanical prints and dark woods.


Support your theme using patterns such as florals, stripes, plaids, and checks. It is perfectly fine to blend patterns as long as you maintain the same background and pattern color as well as contrast the sizes and scale of the patterns.

Color cues

Your choice of color should at all times compliment the theme. Often, the best colors are those found in the design and pattern of your inspiration piece. A golden rule of thumb is to select three colors in a living space; a dominant color, which is applied to fabric backgrounds, walls, and carpeting; a secondary color, which is applied to the living space in fabrics and accessories; and an accent color, which is utilized in moderation to accord the room a sense of excitement and energy.


Avoid lots of smooth and shiny objects as they may become tiresome. Inject a sense of variety to make the living space exhilarating. Do not shy away from using a pattern as texture. A lot of prints appear dimensional and that helps to add up depth to the interior design scheme.


Although furniture is considered functional, it plays a critical role in enhancing your theme. Some pieces of furniture might work to bring out the best interior design, but if they do not, try to spice them up with paint, table cloths or slip covers. If it still does not add value, consider getting rid of it.

A thrilling interior design not only works nicely, it also crafts an elegant feeling or mood and brings out the personality of the family members that reside there. Your interior design success will greatly hinge on the three main principles; function, mood, and personality. If you are still confused, allow a Singapore interior design company like us to guide you along!